- Gingivitis: This is the most common and least severe type of gum disease. It affects only the gums, or soft tissue, around the teeth.
- Periodontitis: This is less common than gingivitis, but it is also more severe, affecting not only the soft tissue around the teeth but also the tissue and bones that support the teeth. If left untreated, teeth may loosen in their sockets or fall out entirely
Gum disease is caused by a wide variety of factors, including poor dental hygiene, severe illnesses such as leukemia or HIV, smoking or chewing tobacco, a family history or dental disease, or even hormonal changes.
In order to prevent gum disease, Cardinal Orthodontics recommends maintaining oral hygiene. Daily brushing, flossing, and antibacterial mouth rinses can help reduce plaque build-up. We also recommend scheduling regular visits with your dentist and orthodontist to receive professional cleanings and to monitor your gum health.
If the gum disease is more severe, your dentist may recommend other treatments, such as scaling and root planing, which is essentially a deep clean of your teeth and gum line.
If the tissue around your teeth is too unhealthy for this treatment to work, surgical procedures like pocket reduction surgery, bone or soft tissue grafts, or bone surgery may be required.